The last year has seen no deceleration in the tempo and volume of cyber incidents, as attackers devise new ways to harm businesses and citizens around the globe.

The NCSC’s aim is to make the UK an unattractive target to cyber criminals and certain nation states by increasing their risk, and reducing their return on investment. They have adopted a proactive approach to dealing with the increasingly challenging cyber landscape and in tandem with the NCA are taking a proactive approach to combating cyber crime.

This report examines how cyber activities over the past 12 months have impacted businesses – from their reputation, through to their systems, to their bottom line. Much of the impact on businesses is caused by cyber crime, but all nefarious cyber activity can be as damaging, as we experienced in wide-scale campaigns like Wannacry and NotPetya, the costs of which ran into hundreds of thousands of pounds.